The Classical Works Knowledge Base (CWKB) assembles data about 1,550 ancient Greek and Latin authors (5,200 texts) and also contains the linking heuristics to the passage level for these texts.

It allows you to resolve most citations of ancient Greek and Latin texts (whether in a canonical, abbreviated form or in a modern language) and to find an expression for it in the following full-text services:

  • the Classical Latin Texts of the Packard Humanities Institute (PHI Latin Texts);
  • the Greek and Roman Texts from the Perseus Digital Library;
  • the Library of Latin Texts - Series A (LLT-A) from Brepols Publishers [licensed];
  • the Thesaurus Linguae Graecae (TLG) [licensed] and the Abridged Online TLG.


S. Ai. 120 is a canonical citation for the play of Sophocles the Ajax, line 120.

Filone, La Creatione del mondo, 16 is a citation in Italian of Philo, De opificio mundi (On the Creation, in English), section 16.

Thanks to CWKB you do not need to be familiar with the Italian name of Philo or with the canonical abbreviation for the Ajax.


Eric Rebillard

Professor, Classics and History

Department of Classics, Cornell University

Adam Chandler

Director, Automation, User Experience, and Post-Cataloging Services

Cornell University Library

David Ruddy
Director, Scholarly Communications Services

Cornell University Library

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