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Sturt Manning

Goldwin Smith Professor of Classical Archaeology

Overview

Research Interests and Activities:

Aegean, Cypriot, Anatolian and east Mediterranean archaeology, classical archaeology

Complex societies, state formation and interactions

Dendrochronology/Dendroarchaeology, Radiocarbon dating and analysis - Mediterranean-Near East, N. America, Mexico and China

Climate (palaeoclimate) and archaeology/history

 

For publications and information, see: http://cornell.academia.edu/SturtWManning 

 

Keywords

Classical archaeology, east Mediterranean archaeology, climate and archaeology, dendrochronology, radiocarbon dating and analysis

Departments/Programs

  • Anthropology
  • Archaeology Program
  • Classics
  • Medieval Studies Program

Graduate Fields

  • Anthropology
  • Archaeology
  • Classics
  • Geological Sciences
  • History of Art, Archaeology and Visual Studies
  • Medieval Studies
  • Near Eastern Studies

Affiliations

  • Cornell Institute of Archaeology and Material Studies (CIAMS)
  • Cornell Tree-Ring Laboratory

Research

  • Aegean Prehistory, Archaeological fieldwork (survey and excavation), Archaeological theory, Classical archaeology, Cypriot Prehistory, East Mediterranean Prehistory, e.g. landscapes, cultural connections, trade, art, chronology, and identities in Aegean, Cypriot and east Mediterranean prehistory
  • Archaeological science, Dendrochronology, Dendrochemistry, Dendroclimatology, Environmental and climate change science, Radiocarbon calibration and archaeological dating - east Mediterranean, Near East, North America, Mexico and China

Publications

  • BOOKS:

  • Kearns, C. and Manning, S.W. (eds.). 2019. New Directions in Cypriot Archaeology. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

    Manning, S.W. 2014. A Test of Time and A Test of Time Revisited. The volcano of Thera and the chronology and history of the Aegean and east Mediterranean in the mid-second millennium BC. Oxford: Oxbow Books.

    Manning, S.W. and Bruce, M.J. (eds.). 2009. Tree-Rings, Kings and Old World Archaeology and Environment: Papers Presented in Honor of Peter Ian Kuniholm. Oxford: Oxbow Books.

    Manning, S.W., et al. 2002. The Late Roman Church at Maroni Petrera: Survey and salvage excavations 1990-1997, and other traces of Roman remains in the lower Maroni Valley, Cyprus. Nicosia: The A.G. Leventis Foundation.

    Manning, S.W. 2001. The Absolute Chronology of the Aegean Early Bronze Age: archaeology, history and radiocarbon. Monographs in Mediterranean Archaeology 1. Reprint (from 1995). Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press.

  • SELECTED ARTICLES AND CHAPTERS 2019-2013:

  • Manning, S.W. 2019. Environment and Sociopolitical Complexity on Prehistoric Cyprus: Observations, Trajectories, and Sketch. In C. Kearns and S.W. Manning (eds.), New Directions in Cypriot Archaeology: 99-130. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

    Fisher, K.D., Manning, S.W. and Urban, T.M. 2019. New Approaches to Late Bronze Age Urban Landscapes on Cyprus: Investigations at Kalavasos-Ayios Dhimitrios, 2012-2016. American Journal of Archaeology 123: 473-507.

    Griggs, C., Kocik, C., Urban, T.M. and Manning, S.W. 2019. Dendrochronology of Swift Water Place and Other Tree-Ring Samples from Northwest Alaska. In D.D. Anderson and W.W. Anderson (eds.), Life at Swift Water Place: Northwest Alaska at the threshold of European contact: 129-153. Fairbanks: University of Alaska Press.

    Urban, T.M., Rasic, J.T., Alix, C., Anderson, D.D., Chisholm, L., Jacob, R.W., Manning, S.W., Mason, O.K., Tremayne, A.H., Vinson, D. 2019. Magnetic detection of archaeological hearths in Alaska: a tool for investigating the full span of human presence at the gateway to North America. Quaternary Science Reviews 211: 73-92.

    Manning, S.W., Birch, J., Conger, M.A., Dee, M.W., Griggs, C., Hadden, C.S., Hogg, A.G., Bronk Ramsey, C., Sanft, S., Steier, P., Wild, E.M. 2018. Radiocarbon re-dating of contact-era Iroquoian history in northeastern North America. Science Advances 4: eaav0280.

    Manning, S.W., Smith, A.T., Khatchadourian, L., Badalyan, R., Lindsay, I., Greene, A., Marshall, M. 2018. A new chronological model for the Bronze and Iron Age South Caucasus: radiocarbon results from Project ArAGATS, Armenia. Antiquity 92: 1530-1551.

    Manning, S.W. 2018. Events, Episodes and History: Chronology and the Resolution of Historical Processes. In L. Nevett and J. Whitley (eds.), An Age of Experiment: Classical Archaeology Transformed (1976-2014): 119-137. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research.

    Manning, S.W. and Fisher, K.D. 2018. Locating the Late Bronze Age peasant in Cyprus? In L. Hulin, L. Crewe and J.M. Webb (eds.), Structures of Inequality on Bronze Age Cyprus. Studies in Honour of Alison K. South: 121-138. Nicosia: Astrom Editions.

    Urban, T.M., Bustos, D., Jakeway, J., Manning, S.W., Bennett, M.R. 2018. Use of magnetometry for detecting and documenting multi-species Pleistocene megafauna tracks at White Sands National Monument, New Mexico, U.S.A. Quaternary Science Reviews 199: 206-213.

    Manning, S.W., Griggs, C., Lorentzen, B., Bronk Ramsey, C., Chivall, D., Jull, A.J.T., Lange, T.E. 2018. Fluctuating radiocarbon offsets observed in the southern Levant and implications for archaeological chronology debates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 115: 6141-6146.

    Manning, S.W. 2018. Some Perspectives on the Frequency of Significant, Historically Forcing Drought and Subsistence Crises in Anatolia and Region. In E. Holt (ed.), Water and Power in Past Societies: 279-295. IEMA Proceedings, volume 7. Albany: State University of New York Press.

    Manning, S.W. 2018. The Development of Complex Society on Crete: The Balance between Wider Context and Local Agency. In A.R. Knodell and T.P. Leppard (eds.), Regional Approaches to Society and Complexity: 29-58. Monographs in Mediterranean Archaeology 15. Sheffield: Equinox Publishing.

    Turkon, P., Manning, S.W., Griggs, C., Santos Ramírez, M., Nelson, B., Torreblanca Padilla, C. and Wild, E. 2017. Applications of Dendrochronology in Northwestern Mexico. Latin American Antiquity 29: 102-121.

    Manning, S. 2017. How Hobby Lobby damaged history. http://edition.cnn.com/2017/07/07/opinions/hobby-lobby-looted-antiquities-manning-opinion/index.html  

    Manning, S.W., Kearns, C. and Lorentzen, B. 2017. Dating the End of the Late Bronze Age with Radiocarbon: Some Observations, Concerns, and Revisiting the Dating of Late Cypriot IIC to IIIA. In P.M. Fischer and T. Bürge (eds.), “Sea Peoples” Up-to-Date. New Research on Transformation in the Eastern Mediterranean in the 13th-11th Centuries BCE: 95-110. Vienna: Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.

    Manning, S.W. 2017. Comments on Climate, Intra-regional Variations, Chronology, the 2200 B.C. Horizon of Change in the East Mediterranean Region, and Socio-political Change on Crete. In F. Höflmayer (ed.), The Early/Middle Bronze Age Transition in the Ancient Near East: Chronology, C14, and Climate Change: 443-483. Oriental Institute Seminars 11. Chicago: The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago.

    Andreou, G.M., Opitz, R., Manning, S.W., Fisher, K.D., Sewell, D.A., Georgiou, A. and Urban, T. 2017. Integrated methods for understanding and monitoring the loss of coastal archaeological sites: The case of Tochni-Lakkia, south-central Cyprus. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 12: 197-208.

    Rich, S., Manning, S.W., Degryse, P., Vanhaecke, F., Latruwe, K. and Van Lerberghe, K. 2016. To put a cedar ship in a bottle: dendroprovenancing three ancient East Mediterranean watercraft with the 87Sr/86Sr isotope ratio. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 9: 514-521.

    Manning, S.W., Griggs, C.B., Lorentzen, B., Barjamovic, G., Ramsey, C.B., Kromer, B. and Wild, E.M. 2016. Integrated Tree-Ring-Radiocarbon High-Resolution Timeframe to Resolve Earlier Second Millennium BCE Mesopotamian Chronology. PLoS ONE 11(7): e0157144. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0157144.

    d’Alpoim Guedes, J., Manning, S.W. and Bocinsky, R.K. 2016. A 5,500-Year Model of Changing Crop Niches on the Tibetan Plateau. Current Anthropology 57(4): 517-522. Plus supporting online information.

    Dee, M., Pope, B., Miles, D., Manning, S. and Miyake, F. 2016. Supernovae and Single-Year Anomalies in the Atmospheric Radiocarbon Record. Radiocarbon 59: 293-302.

    Knapp, A.B. and Manning, S.W. 2016. Crisis in Context: The End of the Late Bronze Age in the Eastern Mediterranean. American Journal of Archaeology 120(1): 99-149.

    Manning, S. 2015. “Why ISIS wants to erase Palmyra's history”. http://www.cnn.com/2015/08/26/opinions/manning-palmyra-isis/index.html  

    Manning, S.W. 2015. Radiocarbon dating and archaeology: history, progress and present status. In R. Chapman and A. Wylie (eds.), Material Evidence: Learning from Archaeological Practice: 128-158. Abingdon: Routledge.

    Manning, S. 2015. “Why ISIS destroys antiquities”. http://www.cnn.com/2015/03/06/opinions/manning-isis-antiquities/   

    Manning, S.W. 2014. Temporal Placement and Context of Cypro-PPNA Activity on Cyprus. Eurasian Prehistory 11(1-2): 9-28.

    Manning, S.W., Höflmayer, F., Moeller, N., Dee, M.W., Bronk Ramsey, C., Fleitmann, D., Higham, T., Kutschera, W. and Wild, E.M. 2014. Dating the Thera (Santorini) eruption: archaeological and scientific evidence supporting a high chronology. Antiquity 88: 1164-1179.

    Manning, S.W. 2014. Timings and gaps in the early history of Cyprus and its copper trade—what these might tell us. In J.M. Webb (ed.), Structure, Measurement and Meaning. Studies on Prehistoric Cyprus in Honour of David Frankel: 23-42. SIMA CXLIII. Uppsala: Åströms Förlag.

    Manning, S.W. 2014. A Radiocarbon-Based Chronology for the Chalcolithic through Middle Bronze Age of Cyprus (as of AD 2012). In F. Höflmayer and R. Eichmann (eds.), Egypt and the Southern Levant in the Early Bronze Age: 207-240. Oriente-Archäologie Band 31. Verlag Marie Leidorf: Rahden.

    Haldon, J., Cassis, M., Doonan, O., Eastwood, W., Elton, H., Fleitmann,  D., Izdebski, A., Ladstätter, S., McCormick, M., Manning, S., Newhard, J., Nichol, K., Roberts, N., Telelis, I. and Xoplaki, E. 2014. Byzantine Anatolia: a ‘laboratory’ for the study of climate impacts and socio-environmental relations in the past.  Journal of Interdisciplinary History 45(2): 113-161.

    Manning, S.W., Andreou, G.-M., Fisher, K.D., Gerard-Little, P., Kearns, C., Leon, J.F., Sewell, D.A. and Urban, T.M. 2014. Becoming Urban: Investigating the Anatomy of the Late Bronze Age Complex, Maroni, Cyprus. Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 27: 3-32.

    Urban, T.M., Leon, J.F., Manning, S.W. and Fisher, K.D. 2014. High resolution GPR mapping of Late Bronze Age architecture at Kalavasos-Ayios Dhimitrios, Cyprus. Journal of Applied Geophysics 107: 129-136.

    Manning, S.W., Dee, M.W., Wild, E.M., Bronk Ramsey, C., Bandy, K., Creasman, P.P., Griggs, C.B., Pearson, C.L., Shortland, A.J. and Steier, P. 2014. High-precision dendro-14C dating of two cedar wood sequences from First Intermediate Period and Middle Kingdom Egypt and a small regional climate-related 14C divergence. Journal of Archaeological Science 46: 401-416.

    Lorentzen, B., Manning, S.W. and Kahanov, Y. 2014. The 1st Millennium AD Mediterranean Shipbuilding Transition at Dor/Tantura Lagoon, Israel: dating the Dor 2001/1 shipwreck. Radiocarbon 56(2): 667-678.

    Lorentzen, B., Manning, S.W., Cvikel, D. and Kahanov, Y. 2014. High-precision dating the Akko 1 shipwreck, Israel: wiggle-matching the life and death of a ship into the historical record. Journal of Archaeological Science 41: 772-783.

    Griggs, C., Pearson, C., Manning, S.W. and Lorentzen, B. 2014. A 250-year annual precipitation reconstruction and drought assessment for Cyprus from Pinus brutia Ten. tree-rings. International Journal of Climatology 34: 2702-2714.

    Manning, S.W. 2014. “Archaeology as vital US strategic interest”. http://www.foxnews.com/opinion/2014/07/08/archaeology-as-vital-us-strategic-interest/  

    Manning, S.W. 2013. Cyprus at 2200 BC: rethinking the chronology of the Cypriot Early Bronze Age. In A. B. Knapp, J.M. Webb and A. McCarthy (eds.), J.R.B. Stewart – An Archaeological Legacy: 1-21. SIMA CXXXIX. Uppsala: Åströms Förlag.

    Manning, S.W. 2013. The Roman World and Climate: Context, Relevance of Climate Change, and Some Issues. In W.V. Harris (ed.), The Ancient Mediterranean Environment between Sciences and History: 103-170. Leiden: Brill.

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